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68                   LECTURES AND ESSAYS

ourselves. To the later members of that series
we must undoubtedly ascribe consciousness,
although it must, of course, have been simpler
than our own. But where are we to stop ?
In the case of organisms of a certain complexity
consciousness is inferred. As we go back along
the line, the complexity of the organism and of
its nerve-action insensibly diminishes ; and for
the first part of our course we see reason to
think that the complexity of consciousness
Insensibly diminishes also. But if we make a
jump, say to the tunicate molluscs, we see no
reason there to Infer the existence of conscious-
ness at all. Yet not only Is It Impossible to
point out a place where any sudden break takes
place, but it Is contrary to all the natural train-
ing of our minds to suppose a breach of con-
tinuity so great All this imagined line of
organisms is a series of objects in my conscious-
ness ; they form an insensible gradation, and
yet there is a certain unknown point at which
I am at liberty to infer facts out of my con-
sciousness corresponding to them! There Is
only one way out of the difficulty, and to that
we are driven. Consciousness Is a complex of
cjective facts,—of elementary feelings, or rather
of those remoter elements which cannot even
be felt, but of which the simplest feeling Is built
up* Such elementary ejective facts go along
with the action of every organism, however